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UniversitГ¤ten England Navigasjonsmeny VideoWILEY, SKEPTA, GHETTS, WRETCH 32, SCORCHER FREESTYLE (2007) The New England region has some of the most selective and prestigious colleges and universities in the country. Harvard frequently ranks first or second among U.S. universities, and Williams and Amherst often vie for the top spot for liberal arts colleges. The University of New England (UNE) is a private university in Biddeford, wallacefallscafe.com has additional campuses in Portland, Maine and Tangier, wallacefallscafe.com the – academic year, 13, students were enrolled in UNE's campus-based and online programs. The best universities in the UK for entry. Profiles, course information and application support for international students wishing to study in the UK. As of August , there were universities in England and 5 university colleges out of a total of around in the United wallacefallscafe.com includes private universities but does not include other Higher Education Institutions that have not been given the right to call themselves "university" or "university college" by the Privy Council or Companies House (e.g. colleges of higher education. Distance learning. Study online, around your own schedule, wherever you are in the world. On campus in London. Study on campus in London and the South East with one of our independent member institutions and experience London life.
There were many wars, often against France and Scotland. For several centuries the religion of England was Roman Catholicism. The bishops church leaders of England and all their churches obeyed the Pope and the church in Rome , Italy.
During the Protestant Reformation many did not agree with this. In the s, the Pope told King Henry VIII that he could not divorce his wife.
King Henry VIII created the Church of England a " Protestant " church partly so that he could divorce his wife.
He made Protestantism the official church in England. For the next years, there was struggle over whether the King or Queen of England should be "Roman Catholic" or "Protestant".
Queen Elizabeth I was Henry's second daughter. She was a powerful queen who ruled for more than 40 years.
When Queen Elizabeth I died, she had no children, and in James VI of Scotland the son of Mary, Queen of Scots became King James I of England.
He called his two countries "Great Britain", but they were still separate countries with their own parliaments and laws, even though they were in personal union.
They shared the same monarch. James' son, Charles I and the English Parliament fought each other in the English Civil War Scotland and Ireland were involved as well, but the story is complicated!
Oliver Cromwell became leader of the Parliamentary Army the "Roundheads" and defeated the Royalist Army the "Cavaliers".
King Charles was beheaded in and Oliver Cromwell became dictator "Lord Protector". When Cromwell died, his son Richard was not strong enough to rule, and Charles II , the son of Charles I, was invited to come to England and be king in When King Charles II died, his brother James II was the next king.
A lot of people did not like James because he was Roman Catholic. William of Orange was invited to invade England.
Many people welcomed William because he was a Protestant. Den statliga förvaltningen i England är dock uppdelad i nio storregioner. Grevskapet motsvarar närmast Sveriges landsting eller storkommun.
I vissa fall överensstämmer indelningen i de moderna grevskapen med den historiska. Riksdelen har ett mildare klimat än södra Kanada trots att den ligger längre norrut.
England har ett välutbyggt järnvägsnät. The Tudor era saw prominent artists as part of their court, portrait painting which would remain an enduring part of English art, was boosted by German Hans Holbein , natives such as Nicholas Hilliard built on this.
In the 19th century, Constable and Turner were major landscape artists. The Norwich School continued the landscape tradition, while the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood , led by artists such as Holman Hunt , Dante Gabriel Rossetti and John Everett Millais , revived the Early Renaissance style with their vivid and detailed style.
Early authors such as Bede and Alcuin wrote in Latin. Middle English literature emerged with Geoffrey Chaucer , author of The Canterbury Tales , along with Gower , the Pearl Poet and Langland.
William of Ockham and Roger Bacon , who were Franciscans , were major philosophers of the Middle Ages. Julian of Norwich , who wrote Revelations of Divine Love , was a prominent Christian mystic.
With the English Renaissance literature in the Early Modern English style appeared. William Shakespeare , whose works include Hamlet , Romeo and Juliet , Macbeth , and A Midsummer Night's Dream , remains one of the most championed authors in English literature.
Christopher Marlowe , Edmund Spenser , Philip Sydney , Thomas Kyd , John Donne , and Ben Jonson are other established authors of the Elizabethan age.
Marvell was the best-known poet of the Commonwealth ,  while John Milton authored Paradise Lost during the Restoration.
William Shakespeare. Some of the most prominent philosophers of the Enlightenment were John Locke , Thomas Paine , Samuel Johnson and Jeremy Bentham.
More radical elements were later countered by Edmund Burke who is regarded as the founder of conservatism. The English played a significant role in romanticism : Samuel Taylor Coleridge , Lord Byron , John Keats , Mary Shelley , Percy Bysshe Shelley , William Blake and William Wordsworth were major figures.
In response to the Industrial Revolution , agrarian writers sought a way between liberty and tradition; William Cobbett , G. Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc were main exponents, while the founder of guild socialism , Arthur Penty , and cooperative movement advocate G.
Cole are somewhat related. Wells and Lewis Carroll. Lawrence , Virginia Woolf , C. Lewis , Enid Blyton , Aldous Huxley , Agatha Christie , Terry Pratchett , J.
Tolkien , and J. The traditional folk music of England is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly sea shanties , jigs , hornpipes and dance music.
It has its own distinct variations and regional peculiarities. Ballads featuring Robin Hood, printed by Wynkyn de Worde in the 16th century, are an important artefact, as are John Playford 's The Dancing Master and Robert Harley's Roxburghe Ballads collections.
Many nursery rhymes are of English origin such as Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary , Roses are red , Jack and Jill , London Bridge Is Falling Down , The Grand Old Duke of York , Hey Diddle Diddle and Humpty Dumpty.
German-born George Frideric Handel spent most of his composing life in London and became a national icon in Britain, creating some of the most well-known works of classical music, especially his English oratorios, The Messiah , Solomon , Water Music , and Music for the Royal Fireworks.
There was a revival in the profile of composers from England in the 20th century led by Edward Elgar , Benjamin Britten , Frederick Delius , Gustav Holst , Ralph Vaughan Williams and others.
In the field of popular music , many English bands and solo artists have been cited as the most influential and best-selling musicians of all time.
Acts such as The Beatles , Led Zeppelin , Pink Floyd , Elton John , Queen , Rod Stewart and The Rolling Stones are among the highest selling recording artists in the world.
Large outdoor music festivals in the summer and autumn are popular, such as Glastonbury , V Festival , and the Reading and Leeds Festivals.
The most prominent opera house in England is the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. The Boishakhi Mela is a Bengali New Year festival celebrated by the British Bangladeshi community.
It is the largest open-air Asian festival in Europe. After the Notting Hill Carnival , it is the second-largest street festival in the United Kingdom attracting over 80, visitors from across the country.
England and the UK as a whole has had a considerable influence on the history of the cinema, producing some of the greatest actors, directors and motion pictures of all time, including Alfred Hitchcock , Charlie Chaplin , David Lean , Laurence Olivier , Vivien Leigh , John Gielgud , Peter Sellers , Julie Andrews , Michael Caine , Gary Oldman , Helen Mirren , Kate Winslet and Daniel Day-Lewis.
Hitchcock and Lean are among the most critically acclaimed filmmakers. Major film studios in England include Pinewood , Elstree and Shepperton.
Some of the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in England, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises Harry Potter and James Bond.
The BFI Top British films includes Monty Python's Life of Brian , a film regularly voted the funniest of all time by the UK public. The UK film council ranked David Yates , Christopher Nolan , Mike Newell , Ridley Scott and Paul Greengrass the five most commercially successful English directors since Current actors include Tom Hardy , Daniel Craig , Benedict Cumberbatch , Lena Headey , Felicity Jones , Emilia Clarke , Lashana Lynch , and Emma Watson.
Acclaimed for his motion capture work, Andy Serkis opened The Imaginarium Studios in London in The 'English Cycle' of Disney animated films include Alice in Wonderland , The Jungle Book and Winnie the Pooh.
The charity National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty holds a contrasting role. There are many museums in England, but perhaps the most notable is London's British Museum.
Its collection of more than seven million objects  is one of the largest and most comprehensive in the world,  sourced from every continent, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present.
England has a strong sporting heritage, and during the 19th century codified many sports that are now played around the world.
Sports originating in England include association football ,  cricket , rugby union , rugby league , tennis , boxing , badminton, squash ,  rounders ,  hockey , snooker , billiards , darts , table tennis, bowls , netball , thoroughbred horseracing, greyhound racing and fox hunting.
It has helped the development of golf , sailing and Formula One. Football is the most popular of these sports.
The England national football team , whose home venue is Wembley Stadium , played Scotland in the first ever international football match in At club level, England is recognised by FIFA as the birthplace of club football, due to Sheffield F.
In the modern day, the Premier League is the world's most-watched football league,  most lucrative,  and amongst the elite.
As is the case throughout the UK, football in England is notable for the rivalries between clubs and the passion of the supporters, which includes a tradition of football chants.
Cricket is generally thought to have been developed in the early medieval period among the farming and metalworking communities of the Weald.
One of the game's top rivalries is The Ashes series between England and Australia , contested since The climax of the Ashes was viewed by 7. William Penny Brookes was prominent in organising the format for the modern Olympic Games.
In , then President of the IOC , Juan Antonio Samaranch , laid a wreath on Brooke's grave, and said, "I came to pay homage and tribute to Dr Brookes, who really was the founder of the modern Olympic Games".
England competes in the Commonwealth Games , held every four years. Sport England is the governing body responsible for distributing funds and providing strategic guidance for sporting activity in England.
Rugby union originated in Rugby School , Warwickshire in the early 19th century. England was one of the host nations of the competition in the Rugby World Cup and also hosted the Rugby World Cup.
Leicester Tigers , London Wasps , Bath Rugby and Northampton Saints have had success in the Europe-wide Heineken Cup.
Rugby league was born in Huddersfield in Since , the England national rugby league team has been a full test nation in lieu of the Great Britain national rugby league team , which won three World Cups but is now retired.
Club sides play in Super League , the present-day embodiment of the Rugby Football League Championship. Rugby League is most popular among towns in the northern English counties of Lancashire , Yorkshire and Cumbria.
Some of the most successful clubs include Wigan Warriors , Hull F. Helens , Leeds Rhinos and Huddersfield Giants ; the former three have all won the World Club Challenge previously.
Golf has been prominent in England; due in part to its cultural and geographical ties to Scotland, the home of Golf. England has produced grand slam winners: Cyril Walker , Tony Jacklin , Nick Faldo , and Justin Rose in the men's and Laura Davies , Alison Nicholas , and Karen Stupples in the women's.
The world's oldest golf tournament, and golf's first major is The Open Championship , played both in England and Scotland. The biennial golf competition, the Ryder Cup , is named after English businessman Samuel Ryder who sponsored the event and donated the trophy.
Tennis was created in Birmingham in the late 19th century, and the Wimbledon Championships is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and widely considered the most prestigious.
Fred Perry was the last Englishman to win Wimbledon in He was the first player to win all four Grand Slam singles titles  and helped lead the Great Britain team to four Davis Cup wins.
English women who have won Wimbledon include: Ann Haydon Jones in and Virginia Wade in In boxing , under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules , England has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by the governing bodies.
World champions include Bob Fitzsimmons , Ted "Kid" Lewis , Randolph Turpin , Nigel Benn , Chris Eubank , Frank Bruno , Lennox Lewis , Ricky Hatton , Naseem Hamed , Amir Khan , Carl Froch , and David Haye.
Originating in 17th and 18th-century England, the thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. The National Hunt horse race the Grand National , is held annually at Aintree Racecourse in early April.
It is the most watched horse race in the UK, attracting casual observers, and three-time winner Red Rum is the most successful racehorse in the event's history.
The British Grand Prix at Silverstone was the first race in the newly created Formula One World Championship. McLaren Automotive , Williams F1 , Team Lotus , Honda , Brawn GP , Benetton , Renault , and Red Bull Racing are all, or have been, located in the south of England.
England also has a rich heritage in Grand Prix motorcycle racing , the premier championship of motorcycle road racing , and produced several World Champions across all the various class of motorcycle: Mike Hailwood , John Surtees , Phil Read , Geoff Duke , and Barry Sheene.
Darts is a widely popular sport in England; a professional competitive sport, darts is a traditional pub game.
The sport is governed by the World Darts Federation , one of its member organisations is the British Darts Organisation BDO , which annually stages the BDO World Darts Championship , the other being the Professional Darts Corporation PDC , which runs its own world championship at Alexandra Palace in London.
Phil Taylor is widely regarded as the best darts player of all time, having won professional tournaments, and a record 16 World Championships.
Another popular sport commonly associated with pub games is Snooker , and England has produced several world champions, including Steve Davis and Ronnie O'Sullivan.
The English are keen sailors and enjoy competitive sailing ; founding and winning some of the world's most famous and respected international competitive tournaments across the various race formats, including the match race , a regatta, and the America's Cup.
England has produced some of the world's greatest sailors, including Francis Chichester , Herbert Hasler , John Ridgway , Robin Knox-Johnston , Ellen MacArthur , Mike Golding , Paul Goodison , and the most successful Olympic sailor ever Ben Ainslie.
The St George's Cross has been the national flag of England since the 13th century. Originally the flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa.
The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from onwards so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean.
A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with Saint George , along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his cross as a banner.
There are numerous other symbols and symbolic artefacts, both official and unofficial, including the Tudor rose , the nation's floral emblem , and the Three Lions featured on the Royal Arms of England.
The Tudor rose was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace. It is also known as the Rose of England.
The Royal Oak symbol and Oak Apple Day commemorate the escape of King Charles II from the grasp of the parliamentarians after his father's execution: he hid in an oak tree to avoid detection before safely reaching exile.
The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in It is blazoned as gules, three lions passant guardant or and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy.
England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has God Save the Queen.
However, the following are often considered unofficial English national anthems: Jerusalem , Land of Hope and Glory used for England during the Commonwealth Games ,  and I Vow to Thee, My Country.
England's National Day is 23 April which is Saint George's Day : Saint George is the patron saint of England. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the country. For other uses, see England disambiguation. Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom.
Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. See also: Toponymy of England. Main article: History of England. Main article: Prehistoric Britain. Main article: England in the Middle Ages.
Main article: Politics of England. Main article: English law. Main article: Subdivisions of England. See also: Regions of England , Counties of England , and Districts of England.
East Riding of Yorkshire. Greater London. Not shown: City of London. North Yorkshire. South Yorks. West Yorkshire. Greater Manc.
East Sussex. West Sussex. Isle of Wight. West Midlands. Ceremonial counties of England. Main article: Geography of England.
Main article: Climate of England. Main articles: Fauna of England and Fauna of Great Britain. See also: List of places in England.
Main article: Economy of England. Main articles: List of English inventions and discoveries and Royal Society. Main article: Transport in England.
Main article: Energy in the United Kingdom. Main article: Tourism in England. Main article: Healthcare in England.
Main article: Demography of England. Ein klassisches Getränk ist Tee , dessen Popularität durch Katharina von Braganza erhöht wurde,  während die häufigsten alkoholischen Getränke Wein besonders Apfelwein , englisches Bier und dunkles Bier sind.
England hat ein starkes sportliches Erbe und kodifizierte im Die FIFA erkennt den englischen Verein Sheffield FC als ältesten offiziellen Verein an.
In der heutigen Zeit ist die englische Premier League die meistgesehene  und lukrativste  Liga weltweit.
Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter England Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. Klimadiagramm von Birmingham.
Klimadiagramm von Cambridge. Klimadiagramm von Plymouth. Siehe auch : Traditionelle Grafschaften Englands. Landesteile und Überseegebiete des Vereinigten Königreichs sowie Kronbesitzungen der britischen Krone.
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Commons Wikinews Wikiquote Wikivoyage. Lage Englands innerhalb des Vereinigten Königreichs. Flagge Englands.
Wappen Englands. Vereinigtes Königreich. Schätzung Greater London. Metropolitan Borough. West Midlands. West Yorkshire. Yorkshire and the Humber.
Bank of England , grunnlagt i av den skotske bankieren William Paterson, er Storbritannias sentralbank. Landbruket er omfattende og i stor grad mekanisert.
Det framstiller 60 prosent av matbehovet med kun 2 prosent av arbeidsstyrken. Den kristne martyren sankt Georg er Englands nasjonalhelgen.
Den engelske monarken betalte tributt til doge herskeren av Genova fra og framover slik at engelske skip kunne benytte flagget som beskyttelse i Middelhavet.
Det ble knyttet til sankt Georg, sammen med land og byer, som hevdet at han var deres skytshelgen og benyttet hans kors som fane. Tudorrosen ble tatt i bruk som nasjonalsymbol for England under Rosekrigene som et fredssymbol.
Det er et av mest framtredende symboler for England. Leicester , Wigston , Oadby , Birstall. Bournemouth , Poole , Christchurch , New Milton.
Reading , Bracknell , Wokingham , Crowthorne. Kongen tok flukten med sin nye yndling, Hugh Despenser. Svartedauden var en epidemi av byllepest som spredte seg over hele Europa.
Etter relativ kort tid vokste befolkningen og dekket befolkningstapet. Edvard III var en av de mer suksessfulle engelske monarker i middelalderen.
Han beseiret huset Lancaster i slaget ved Mortimer's Cross i , men ble midlertidig avsatt i tidsrommet — da Richard Neville , jarlen av Warwick, brakte Henrik VI tilbake til makten.
Han var den siste konge av huset York og den siste av huset Plantagenet. De unge guttene forsvant i august og det er antatt at de ble myrdet av den nye kongen.
Det engelske parlamentet anerkjente ham raskt som konge, men huset York var langt fra beseiret. Da han giftet seg med Edvard IVs eldste datter Elizabeth av York i januar ble huset York formelt forent med huset Lancaster.
Henrik VIIs utenrikspolitikk var fredelig. Kort tid etter ble franskmennene opptatt av Italia og vendte oppmerksomheten bort fra England. Da Henrik ble konge arvet han en regjering som var meget svekket av rosekrigene og med en bortimot tom statskasse.
Utdypende artikkel: Henrik VIII av England. Henrik VIII begynte sitt styre med stor grad av optimisme.
Den flotte, atletiske unge kongen sto i skarp kontrast til sin forsiktige, gnieraktige far. I gikk den unge kongen til krig mot Frankrike. I slaget ved Flodden Field den 9.
Da Henrik kom tilbake ble han hyllet for denne seieren som han ikke hadde tatt del i.